The European NGA Recommendation: the Banal, the Controversial and the Inconclusive (published in Intermedia)
On 20 September 2010, the European Commission finally adopted its much awaited Commission Recommendation on Regulated Access to Next Generation Access Networks (the NGA Recommendation). The gestation period was almost three years, and involved at least three formal drafting stages, and public consultation and scru- tiny from all stakeholders. It has finally emerged, but only after a series of important policy reversals. The nature of those policy shifts pays testimony both to the difficulty of the subject matter at issue and the dangers inherent in subjecting key policy developments to such a protracted process. Having gone through that process, we are inevitably left with a compromise document which falls far short of its avowed goals at the moment it was first conceived.